Contemporary perception of hunting, its impact on the environment, US hunting policy
In the prehistoric days, hunting was a source of food. Today this takes a different direction; people hunt for pleasure and income. The question whether or not to continue licensing the activity lingers in the environmental managers and the licensing authorities. Though hunting is revenue generating, the natural habitat of animals hunted remains unbalanced, which causes devastating effects on the ecosystem. Nevertheless, the USA licenses hunting in public animal reserves. The concern here is whether to continue licensing hunting or not.
Although the US established hunting as a truly American tradition centuries ago, the practice is problematic in the light of today’s values; human society benefits from hunting in economic the field of entertainment, however, hunting threatens the ecosystem immensely.
Income-Generating Venture Over the Planet’s Ecosystems
There is an ongoing discussion as to whether hunting is ruining the structure Earth’s ecosystems.
The impact on nature
Ecosystem experts say that excessive hunting creates an imbalance in nature.
Species extinction problem
Animals that depend directly or indirectly on each other need a merging balance to survive, an increased population of one species may have a devastating effect on the other, and vice versa.
Hunting as a source of income for the American government
The federal government makes tremendous amounts of revenue through licensing. Hunting has provided employment to many American citizens both directly and indirectly (Strong & Silva, 2020).
Possible positive outcome of hunting
If regulating institutions manage wildlife-hunting relationship well, it will see the economy improvement by reducing unemployment.
Hunting as a Sport – Yet Another Revenue Maker
Like any other sports, hunting creates a platform for entertainment to interested parties. People enjoy shooting animals practicing sharpshooting skills.
Measures to preserve
Regulation is required to reduce ecosystem imbalance to avoid hunting wildlife unnecessarily.
Hunting unifies nations and ignites the urge to compete
The sport entertains visitors from other states and countries, and the natives alike. Hunting tournaments arranged among nations to compete proving tact in shooting skills can be a revenue opportunity.
The tourism industry will receive more visitors contributing more revenue to the national economy. People will get employment indirectly or directly as a result and more business realized.
Wildlife Population Control and Ecosystem
Undoubtedly, the nature is structured in a way to be self-sufficient and self-regulating – it does not require any aid or intervention from humans. Through research, experts know that nature controls itself without intervention from the environment (Kaebnick, 2018).
Cases when hunting can be applicable to benefit nature
Hunting wild animals with little or no predators is constructive, since in this case, human beings tend to perform the same task as the predators.
Managing the populations and saving natural habitats
For example, in the USA, the deer species seems to breed so fast that they in turn they are inclined to destroy natural habitation for other wildlife. Hunting is licensed to reduce the number of these deer to manageable levels.
Hunting as a Food Source
Though hunting is not primal food source anymore, people still tend to put the meat of the wildlife at high value.
Health benefits of consuming meat regularly
Due to regular hunting people consume more meat such as venison and fowl. This is not proven, but allegedly helps to maintain a stronger health due to high amounts of protein in meat products.
The Effects of Hunting on Economic Growth
As has been mentioned above, hunting has other effects on the human society as well.
The dangers of hunting to humans
International Hunting Association (IHA) has attributed hunting to many accidents caused by stray bullets and arrows maiming and even ending lives of human beings.
Animal rights and hunting
It is self-explanatory that hunting contradicts the beliefs and views of various animal rights activist groups, thus creating a split in society.
Whether ethical or unethical hunting, the research finds that if the regulating institutions can maintain wildlife-hunting relationship optimally, communities and other affected parties will receive desirable positive effects in return. Overall microeconomic development will also be felt by household communities around the reserves. Again, people in tourism and other sectors get employment indirectly through hunting that boosts the gross domestic product. Revenue improvement will finance heavy government expenditures right from infrastructure down to community development and health.
Kaebnick, G. E. (2018). The Control of Nature. Web.
Strong, M., & Silva, J. A. (2020). Impacts of hunting prohibitions on multidimensional well-being. Biological Conservation, 243, 108451. Web.