Physiology entails the scientific study of the body processes and the overall system network that work together to ensure that different organisms survive. The living organism includes human beings and their ability, growth, and development. It shows more concern with the biological operations and the mechanisms of body functioning. In addition, physiological progressions involve the linkage between different body components (Sieck, 2020). They include organ systems that work together to ensure the body’s activities work as expected; examples of organ systems are endocrine and, cardiovascular, respiratory activities. Organs such as the lung, stomach, and body tissues consist of epithelium, nervous, and lean physiques—cells and other body molecules that support each other to maintain life.
The primary body systems operate together with the anatomical structure and align with human biology. Anatomy provides information and skills about different body components that are essential in forming the basis for understanding physiology. They both work jointly to explain how other body structures function. The homeostasis process is a critical player in ensuring that the complete constancy of body processes is maintained. The brain and the nervous system monitor the body’s series of activities.
Levels of Organization
The chemical level entails the building blocks responsible for forming required atoms. The atomic molecules muddle together in a series of combinations into molecular forms. The particles then associate to form cellular organelles, and the process continues to facilitate the formation of essential structures and cells. The atoms come together through chemical responses to form specific compounds and particles. This reaction results in bond formation, the ionic, hydrogenic, and covalent forms. A series of reactions also occur, including decomposition, which involves changing and converting chemical substances into an inactive state; synthesis and exchange of products in the body get done. All body reactions occur due to metabolic activities that entail anabolic and catabolic actions.
The cellular level is the body’s primary and most functioning unit since the cell is the rudimentary part of life and can perform reproduction. They are formed from organic compounds that entail nucleic acids, such as DNA, which work together with RNA. They have the cytoplasm and pose a membrane that lacks fatty acids and glycerol. The cells are also likely to have organelles that get suspended in the cytoplasm and are responsible for several cellular activities. The cells can have a nucleus called prokaryotic and are single-celled organisms. The other cell form is eukaryotic, which owns the nucleus. The enclosure comes together to form up tissues that have specific body functions. The red cell is responsible for transporting oxygenated blood as the autonomous cell.
The tissue level is another level that entails the combination of different cells that have particular functions. The tissues are categorized into other groups, the connective muscles like the bony materials made from fibrous cells. Muscle tissues are made of contractive materials that make movement easy. The epithelial tissues contain the outer covering of organs, for instance, the skin and the outside of the animal stomach. The nervous tissues are primarily made of particular cells that allow the transmission of information under electrochemical compulsions like the spinal cord and brain system.
The organ level is combined of various tissues to perform a specialized function. They have tissues like the parenchyma and stroma that acts as the connective muscles to particular organs. They have the shape of solids, and they are likely to vary in size together with intricacy. The organ system is a complex combination of organs that are likely to work jointly to undertake the same function. Several organs, like the respiratory system, are made of different components to form a complete structure. The organ system still works in line with other systems to facilitate overall objective achievement.
The Differences in Men and Women
The most common differences between males and females in terms of physiology are evident. It entails structures associated with the reproductive system and functions, hormonal functioning, and character effects, including gonadal variances, and internal and exterior genital and breast diversity. There is also variation in mass, encumbrance, and hair scattering. For instance, men have an increased concentration level of hormones; androgens, while ladies have maximized estrogens. Men have 5 million red cells per cubic millimeter, while ladies have 4.5 million less than men. Ladies have low hypertension compared to men, and their pulse rate is faster when they fall asleep.
The Support Objectives
The physiological study is relevant since health professionals need to understand the body’s overall work format and explain how different anatomical structures link in with each other. The absence of the information and skill that individuals need leads to mistakes being performed and fatal situations. For instance, in week five, the study was focused on the nervous system. Throughout the session, there were practical activities aimed at better understanding the nervous system components and how they work in interconnectivity with each other to facilitate smooth functioning. The study also helped the healthcare professional understand the different changes in men and women and how to handle them—for instance, why blood pressure is higher in men compared to ladies. The application of the knowledge in understanding the different structural levels in the body has helped work out other health problems.
Sieck, G. (2020). Physiology in perspective: A key role of physiology in understanding COVID-19. Physiology, 35(5), 286-287. Web.