The analyzed case shows the image of the brain with the diminished substantia nigra. This area is full of dopamine-producing nerve cells, which might start dying in some cases. As a result, the person with this problem might demonstrate a set of numerous symptoms. These might include tremors, problems with balance, stiffness, and slowness of movement. These changes might signalize the necessity of addressing the health specialist and examining the brain, its state, and possible damage.
Additionally, the discussed issue might precondition the emergence and development of Parkinson’s disease. It is caused by the destruction of nerve cells in the substantia nigra responsible for controlling movement. As a result, the person suffers from multiple symptoms mentioned above, and over time, their severity might increase. For this reason, the condition is viewed as a severe disease and requires specific care.
Case two represents the image of the brain with the atrophy of the cerebral cortex. It is responsible for the higher-level processes in the human brain, meaning that problems with the cerebral cortex might trigger the emergence and development of numerous symptoms. These might include seizures and specific language disorders such as aphasia. A person has difficulties communicating with others because of the damage done to this area.
At the same time, the atrophy of the cerebral cortex might trigger posterior cortical atrophy or the development of dementia. As far as the area is responsible for processing specific information, a patient can acquire the impairment of memory, reduced intellectual function, and lose numerous skills acquired previously. For this reason, this pathology remains a serious health issue requiring attention and the appropriate treatment to avoid the further deterioration of the situation and the emergence of new symptoms.